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Model T: Section U-Z

 

UPHOLSTERY
Open Cars
1909-1910

Leather, diamond tuft design. Black color.

1911

Leather. Diamond tuft on seat backs but diamonds sewn on the cushions.

1912

Leather with tufted and sewn diamonds on backs and cushions. Imitation leather may have appeared before the 1913 models.

1913-1927

Leather phased out and replaced with imitation material. Seat bottoms were leather until about mid-1913, with seat backs and sides in imitation leather beginning earlier (perhaps as early as 1912). In general, the cars with leather upholstery had diamond-tufted seats. The imitation leather seats had a sewn diamond pattern until about 1914 when the seat backs became pleated. The seat bottoms continued the sewn diamond pattern until 1917 models. 1917 and later cars used only the pleated design.

The front roll of the arm rest was leather until around 1916. 1917 and later cars had a small metal cap on the arm rest, and no longer used the leather.

Door and side panels were covered with imitation leather until about 1917 when the side panels were changed to a black cardboard-like material, with a trim welting around the edges. 1926 and 1927 cars came with and without buttons in the seat upholstery.


UPHOLSTERY
Closed Cars
1909-1914

Coupe: Black leather seats with imitation leather door panels and trim.

Town Car: black leather seats and door panels, with fabric lining and trim.

1915

Sedan: gray and white striped pattern in wool. Trim was bright and elaborate. Seats were diamond tufted in the rear, but comparatively plain in front.

Coupelet: Black leather seats and door panels. Folding top had blue lining and trim.

Town Car: see 1916.

1916

Sedan: (Centerdoor) Gray and white striped pattern in wool but less ornate than the 1915. Seats were pleated instead of diamond-tufted. Trimmed in gray lace.

Coupe: Seats, door panels and straps were changed to imitation leather during this period. The top also changed to imitation leather, and was now lined and trimmed with green fabric and lace.

Town Car: The seats, front and rear were real leather. The jump seats and door panels were covered with imitation leather. The top also changed to imitation leather and was lined and trimmed with the same blue/gray fabric used on the 1915 sedan. Later (mid-1916 and on) used a less ornate cloth top lining.

1918

The Sedan and Town Car continued as in 1917. The Coupelet used gray whipcord fabric and lace previously used in the Sedan. The cowl area was trimmed in imitation leather.

1919-1922

Sedan: Continued as in 1917. With the introduction of the starter (1919) came a dashboard and gray whipcord quarter panels.

Coupelet: Continued the gray whipcord fabric and lace trim introduced in 1918 and, like the sedan, had whipcord quarter panels.

1922-1923

Centerdoor Sedan and Coupe: Brown wool. Carpet at the bottom of the doors.

1923-1924

Tudor, Fordor and Coupe: Brown wool. No carpet on the bottom of the doors in later production.

1925

Tudor and Coupe: Brown wool as in 1923. Fordor; dark-blue wool. Tudor and Coupe may have been blue in later 1925 models.

1926

Gray with red stripe on maroon cars, gray with green stripe on green cars. Headliner and body panels were gray with no stripe.

1927

Gray with white stripe on all cars. Headliner and body panels with no stripe.


WEIGHTS

1/10/25

Model
Date

Starter
Clincher

Non-starter
Clincher

Starter
Demountable

Non-starter
Demountable

Starter
Balloon

Non-starter
Balloon

TOURING

11/1/19

1580

1500

12/16/20

1575

1485

1640

7/15/22

1571

1477

1625

1535

6/4/23

1596

1510

1655

1573

9/4/23

1603

1517

1652

1580

7/24/24

1600

1500

1650

1553

1594

1494

1644

1547

10/8/25

1703

1607

1728

1628

1738

1640


RUNABOUT

Model
Date

Starter
Clincher

Non-starter
Clincher

Starter
Demountable

Non-starter
Demountable

Starter
Balloon

Non-starter
Balloon

11/1/19

1480

1390

12/16/20

1465

1380

1525

7/15/22

1480

1385

1533

1445

6/4/23

1474

1388

1533

1451

9/4/23

1481

1395

1540

1458

7/24/24

1477

1375

1527

1427

1/10/25

1471

1369

1521

1421

10/8/25

1622

1526

1645

1547

1655

1557


COUPE

Model
Date

Starter
Clincher

Non-starter
Clincher

Starter
Demountable

Non-starter
Demountable

Starter
Balloon

Non-starter
Balloon

11/1/19

1680

1580

1685

1680-“with instrument board and battery only”

12/16/20

   

1685

11/16/22

   

1729

6/4/23

   

1744

9/4/23

   

1772

7/24/24

   

1755

1/10/25

   

1749

9/24/25

1828

1732

1851

1755

1860

1758

10/8/25

   

1851


FORDOR

Model
Date

Starter
Clincher

Non-starter
Clincher

Starter
Demountable

Non-starter
Demountable

Starter
Balloon

Non-starter
Balloon

11/16/22

   

1915

2/26/23

   

1939

6/4/23

   

1945

9/4/23

   

1950

7/24/24

   

1933

1/10/25

   

1927

10/8/25

   

1994


TUDOR

Model
Date

Starter
Clincher

Non-starter
Clincher

Starter
Demountable

Non-starter
Demountable

Starter
Balloon

Non-starter
Balloon

11/1/19

1845

 

1875

1815-“with instrument board and battery only”

12/16/20

   

1875

2/26/23

   

1900

9/4/23

   

1923

10/27/23

   

1898

2/19/24

   

1898

7/24/24

   

1888

1/10/25

   

1862

9/24/25

1939

1842

1961

1862

1972

1875

10/8/25

   

1961


ROADSTER PICKUP

Model
Date

Starter
Clincher

Non-starter
Clincher

Starter
Demountable

Non-starter
Demountable

Starter
Balloon

Non-starter
Balloon

10/8/25

1706

1610

1729

1736

1638


CHASSIS

Model
Date

Starter
Clincher

Non-starter
Clincher

Starter
Demountable

Non-starter
Demountable

Starter
Balloon

Non-starter
Balloon

11/1/19

1080

1060

12/16/20

1155

1070

1215

7/15/22

1175*

1082*

1230

1140*

*Includes fenders and aprons and 16 lb gas tank

6/4/2

1196

1110

1255

1173

9/4/23

1203

1117

1262

1180

7/24/24

1205

1103

1253

1158

1/10/25

1199

1097

1247

1152

10/8/25

1218

1122

1243

1144

1250

1151


CHASSIS (Coupe)

Model
Date

Starter
Clincher

Non-starter
Clincher

Starter
Demountable

Non-starter
Demountable

Starter
Balloon

Non-starter
Balloon

7/15/22

   

1707(?)

9/4/23

   

1268

7/24/24

   

1256

1/10/25

   

1251


CHASSIS (Fordor)

Model
Date

Starter
Clincher

Non-starter
Clincher

Starter
Demountable

Non-starter
Demountable

Starter
Balloon

Non-starter
Balloon

11/16/22

   

1271 (Including fenders)

6/4/23

   

1255

9/4/23

   

1260

7/24/24

   

1252

1/10/25

   

1246


CHASSIS (Tudor)

Model
Date

Starter
Clincher

Non-starter
Clincher

Starter
Demountable

Non-starter
Demountable

Starter
Balloon

Non-starter
Balloon

12/16/20

   

1215

7/15/22

   

1900(?)

6/4/23

   

1245

10/27/23

   

1250

2/19/24

   

1250

7/24/24

   

1237

1/10/25

   

1231


TT CHASSIS

 

Starter
Pneumatic

Non-starter
Pneumatic

Starter
Solid

Non-starter
Solid

11/1/19

 

1340

1395

12/16/20

   

1430

7/15/22

1520

1427

1480

6/4/23

1565

1480

1560

9/4/23

1572

1487

 

1567

7/24/24

1520

1423

1612

1515

1/10/25

1514

1417

1606

1509

10/8/25

1577

1473

1617

1513


TT CHASSIS WITH CAB

 

Starter
Pneumatic

Non-starter
Pneumatic

Starter
Solid

Non-starter
Solid

6/13/24

1798

1701

1887

1790

8/11/24

1798

1702

1887

1790

12/30/24

1792

1696

1881

1784

1/10/25

1792

1696

1851

1784


TT CHASSIS WITH CAB AND EXPRESS BODY

Starter
Pneumatic

Non-starter
Pneumatic

Starter
Solid

Non-starter
Solid

6/13/24

2155

2061

2247

2145

7/24/24

2155

2062

2247

2145

1/10/25

2149

2056

2241

2139


TT CHASSIS, CAB, EXPRESS BODY AND CANOPY WITH SCREENS

 

Starter
Pneumatic

Non-starter
Pneumatic

Starter
Solid

Non-starter
Solid

 

(No rear fenders but with lamps and tools)

8/11/24

2342

2252

2438

2333

12/30/24

2336

2246

2432

2327


BODIES

 

Fordor

Coupe

Tudor

Touring

Runabout

Open Cab Truck

12/16/20

     

415

308 (less instrument panel)

12/16/20

475

675

421

309 (with instrument panel)

7/15/22

 

477

670

395

303

11/16/22

644

499

2/26/23

668

499

670

395

303

6/4/23

690

499

678

400

278

9/4/23

690

504

648

400

278

260

6/13/24

681

499

653

395

272

275

10/8/25

704

563

669

456

374

249

(Open car bodies included top and windshield)


 

Closed
Cab

Express w/
Fenders

Express w/o
Fenders

Canopy
Roof>

Side
Screens

Gate
Screens

10/27/23

353

2/19/24

373

8/11/24

357

 

86

51

33

10/8/25

383

354

335

74

55

30


Stakes for
Canopy

Platform
Body

Stake
Body

Stakes

Runabout Body
&Pickup Bed

Pickup Bed

8/11/24

18

12/30/24

   

588

3/21/25

       

406

10/8/25

18

452

615

163


WHEELS
1909-1910

Part #

Factory #

Description

2800

291

Front, red

2801

291

Front, green

2802

291

Front, gray

2812

99

Rear, red

2813

99

Rear, green

2814

99

Rear, gray

30 x 3 tires in front, 30 x 3-1/2 at rear. Hubs had 5-1/2": flanges. Front and rear hubs appeared similar, unlike 1911 and later style. Ball bearings in front hubs. Round-felloe, painted body color, with and without striping. Striping varied but generally was an open “V” on the spokes, and a single ring on the felloe. Hub caps were brass with “Ford” in block letters. Thin oval spokes.

1911-1916

2800

291

Front, blue

2814B

99

Rear, For non-tapered axle. (Early 1911)

2814C

2815

Rear, blue, tapered axle

Same tire size but heavier construction and 6” flanges. Rear hub heavier with change to tapered axles; no longer looked the same as the front hubs. Painted blue, with and without striping as on the earlier cars. Hub caps had “Ford” in script, with “Made in USA” added in late 1912. The “F” in the “Ford” was higher in the early caps, and there seems to have been some variation in size and placement of the lettering, perhaps due to different suppliers. Rims were screwed to the felloes (#10 x 3/4” flat head) in 1909 through sometime in 1912, after which they were riveted with 3/16” rivets with a washer on the inside. Also, perhaps at the change to the riveted felloes, the tire valve holes were specified to be lined with steel tubing (9/16” o.d., #25 B.W. gauge). Spokes were oval-shaped and the felloes were rounded

1917-1918

2800

291

Front

2814C

2815

Rear

Hub caps of the same pattern were now nickel-plated. The front hubs were made with a longer shoulder. Rear tires now had tread pattern. (The front tires remained smooth. The treaded rear tires began appearing during 1916.) The felloes were changed to “square” instead of being rounded, apparently in late 1917 or early 1918 according to a letter dated April 16, 1918 at the Ford Archives.

1919-1924

2800

291B

Front, Non-demountable

2800B

291D

Front, Kelsey demountable (1919-1924)

2800C

291E

Front, Hayes demountable (1921-1923)

2800G

291G

Front

2814C

2815

Rear, Non-demountable

2814G

2815B

Rear, Kelsey demountable (1919-1924)

2814H

2815C

Rear, Hayes demountable (1921-1923)

2814J

7698C

Rear, Ford demountable (1922)

2814J2

7698D

Rear, Ford demountable (1923)

2814K

2815E

Rear, Ford Demountable (1924-1925)

Demountable rims available as an option, using 30 x 3-1/2 tires all around. Hayes, Kelsey, and Ford supplied wheels, so there were variations in the style. The rims were zinc plated. Non-demountable wheels continued as standard equipment. In 1920 the wooden felloes were replaced with steel, and wheels could then be supplied without hubs. (The wood-felloe wheels tended to warp when there was no hub in place.) On July 14, 1921 The shape of the spokes was specified as being round instead of oval in cross section. 30 x 3 tires were used in front when the car had the standard (non-demountable) wheels. Hub caps were nickel-plated but about 1923 they were made of steel, rather than brass. (Steel had been used as far back as 1918 but brass replaced the earlier steel for a time.) According to blueprints, caps were also made of zinc (polished but not plated) around 1924.

Beginning in 1919, front wheel bearings were changed to Timkin roller on trucks and, later, closed cars. By 1920 they were standard on all cars with demountable wheels but apparently the ball type were used on open cars with non-demountable wheels until 1925.

Initially, demountable wheels and rims supplied by Kelsey and Hayes were not interchangeable, apparently even within the same brand. With the introduction of “Ford” wheels (apparently made by Firestone and Cleveland companies) all brands became alike so that any rim could be used on any wheel. It would have been possible that more than one manufacturer’s wheels could have appeared on a single car.

Non-demountable front wheels which used 30 by 3” tires were apparently dished throughout production. Wheels which used 30 by 3-1/2” tires (demountables and 1926 non-demountables) appear to have not been dished.

In a letter to the Ford branches dated March 7, 1924, the following appeared:

 

Wheels and Rims


“The necessary changes have been made in the Kelsey wheel and rims also the Firestone and Cleveland rims so that with the exception of a few Kelsey wheels which are still to be shipped, we will have but one wheel and one rim for production, even though they are being shipped from three different sources. The felloe band on the Kelsey wheel has been changed so that it is exactly the same dimension as the Ford, Hayes, or Motor wheel and a car could be built with one wheel of each make. The rims have been changed to the ‘attached lug’ type and a car could be built using one rim of each Hayes, Kelsey, Motor Wheel, and Firestone.

“This arrangement will make it possible to report front demountable wheels as one item, rear demountable wheels as one item and T-8774 rims as one item. The bolts and nuts are also interchangeable…This arrangement will eliminate the necessity of carrying the stocks in your plant separately, i.e., when you receive a carload from Kelsey you can unload it and put material in the same pile with Hayes or Ford wheels and the rims with Hayes, Cleveland or Firestone rims.

“T-8834A Demountable Rim Clamp Nut for Kelsey wheels. Will be used for service on these wheels and also as a unit of one on all cars equipped with demountable wheels and will be known as the Tire Carrier Clamp Nut…

“With this arrangement it is necessary to carry in service the following:

T-8807

 

Clamp and nut assembly (Firestone and Cleveland rims).

T-8831BR

 

Clamp (Kelsey)

T-8831FR

 

Clamp (Firestone or Cleveland)

T-8774CR

 

Demountable rim which was the original rim furnished by Cleveland and Firestone (rolled bead type).

T-8774DR

 

Demountable rim, Cleveland & Firestone solid bead type.

T-8774AR

 

Demountable rim (Kelsey old style).

T-291DR

 

Front wheel, demountable (Kelsey)

T-2815BR

 

Rear wheel, demountable (Kelsey)

“When supplying Service for the other types of wheels which have been used you may take any make of wheel from your assembly stock to fill this order, likewise with the attached-hub rim. In carrying stocks of hubless wheels it will be necessary to carry one wheel for Kelsey and one wheel which may be shipped from either Hayes, Kelsey, Ford, or Motor Wheel for supplying replacements of all other makes.”

LIST OF WHEELS, RIMS, RIM PARTS TO BE CARRIED BY BRANCHES FOR PRODUCTION AND SERVICE

T-291B

 

Front Wheel Clincher (Hayes Motor Wheel)

T2815A

 

Rear Wheel Clincher (Hayes Motor Wheel)

T-291

 

Front Wheel, Demountable (New style interchangeable)

T-2815

 

Rear Wheel, Demountable (New style interchangeable)

T-8774

 

Demountable rim

T-8332

 

Demountable rim nut (Hayes, Firestone, Cleveland, Kelsey)

T-8334

 

Demountable rim nut (Hayes, Firestone, Cleveland, Kelsey)

TT-178

 

Truck Clamping Ring (Kelsey)

TT-2815B

 

Truck Wheel, demountable (Kelsey)

TT-8774A

 

Truck Rim, demountable (Kelsey)

TT-2815C

 

Rear Truck Wheel, demountable (Hayes-Bimel)

TT-8774B

 

Truck demountable rim (Hayes)

TT-8807

 

Truck demountable rim clamp and nut assembly (Kelsey)

TT-8832

 

Truck demountable rim bolt (Hayes, Kelsey)

TT-8834A

 

Demountable rim nut (Kelsey)

TT-7645A

 

Truck wheel (Solid tire)

SERVICE PARTS

T-291D

 

Front wheel, demountable (Kelsey old style)

T-2815B

 

Rear wheel, demountable (Kelsey old style)

T-8774AR

 

Demountable rim (Kelsey old style)

T-8774CR

 

Demountable rim (Firestone, Cleveland Rolled bead type)

T-8774DR

 

Demountable rim (Firestone, Cleveland Solid bead type)

T-8807

 

Demountable rim clamp (Firestone, Cleveland)

T8831BR

 

Demountable rim clamp (Kelsey)

T-8831FR

 

Demountable rim clamp (Firestone, Cleveland)

T-293AR

 

Hubless demountable wheel (Kelsey)

T-293BR/CR

 

Hubless demountable wheel (Hayes, Ford, Motor Wheel)

T-295AR

 

Hubless clincher wheel, front

T-2816

 

Hubless clincher wheel, rear

TT-2817AR

 

Hubless truck wheel (Kelsey)

TT-2817BR

 

Hubless truck wheel (Hayes)

“For the present we will have two truck wheels, the same as in the past. We will within a short time have this corrected so that there will be but one type of these wheels. The clincher wheels will be handled as in the past.”

1925

Same wheels as above but 21” balloon tire/wheels an option.

2800I

291H

Front 21” Balloon, black (1925-1927)

2800J

291I

Front 21” Balloon, natural (1925-1927)

2814N

2815F

Rear 21” Balloon, black (1925)

2814P

2815G

Rear 21” Balloon, natural (1925)

21” wheels finished in natural wood were available in addition to the standard black.

1926

2800A1

291J

Front 30x3-1/2 Non-demountable (1926)

2800I

291H

Front 21” Balloon, black (1925-1927)

2800J

291I

Front 21” Balloon, natural (1925-1927)

2814F2

7698H

Rear 30x3-1/2 Non-demountable (1926)

2814N2

2815J

Rear 21” Balloon, black (1926-1927)

2814P2

2815M

Rear 21” Balloon, natural (1926-1927)

2881

2846

Front/Rear, 21” Wire (1926-1927)

Early production continued the options available in 1925 but the 30 x 3-1/2 (all around) demountable wheels became standard after a short time, then the 21” wheels with demountable rims became standard. 21” wood wheels were the same as 1925 except for the 11” rear brake drums. Wire wheels, introduced in January 1926 in black only at first, then in several colors, became optional. These used the same 21” tires as the wooden balloon wheels. New hub caps, nickel-plated steel, were used with the wire wheels.

1927

Standard wheels were the 21” demountables, with the wire wheels an option. Wire wheels became standard equipment in the last production on closed cars beginning in late 1926. Black was the supplied color; other colors were special order or dealer-installed options.


FRONT WHEEL HUBS
1909-1910

2815, f/n T-40 or T-102
Flange diameter 5-1/2 inches. Used ball bearings.

1911-1916

Flange diameter 6 inches. Used ball bearings. Hubs had short outer shoulder (about 7/8”) with a 11/16” threaded section for the cap.

1916-1919

2803C (T-232) Ball bearing
2803B (T-219) Roller bearing
Similar to 1915 type but now had longer (about 1-1/2” in the 2803B) outer shoulder for greater strength, with shorter (about 3/8”) threaded section.

1919-1926

2803 (T-200) Ball bearing
2803B (T-219) Roller bearing
Similar to 1918 style but now fitted with Timken roller bearings on all cars except the open models without electrical equipment and with non- demountable wheels, which continued the ball bearings until about 1925.

1926-1927

2803B (T-219) Wood wheels
2882 (T-2841) Wire wheels
Wood wheels used same hubs as 1925. Wire wheels had entirely different design hub with five studs to secure the wheel.


REAR WHEEL HUBS
1909-1910
2815 (T-102)

Designed for non-tapered axle with pin through the diameter to hold the wheel. 5-1/2” diameter flanges. The general shape of the hub was like that of the front hubs.

1911

2815B (T-40B)

Non-tapered axle continued into early 1911. 6” flange style hubs for these axles.

1911-1927

2815C (T-2819)

Tapered axle. Flanges are 6” diameter. Shorter, near-uniform diameter hub section.

1926-1927

2815C (T-2819) Wood wheels
2887 (T-2842B) Wire wheels (with brake drum)

Wood wheels used same hubs as 1925. Wire wheels had entirely different design hub with five studs to secure the wheel.


WOOD WHEEL COLORS

Early wheels were shown as “blue” in the parts books. Apparently this color continued until about 1915 (a guess, it could have been earlier or later). In 1914 the factory listed the following paints to be used on the wheels:

First coat F-108 black, 2/3 pint.
Second coat F-109 Blue color varnish, 2/3 pint.

Striping with French Gray striping color, 1/10 ounce.

Finish coat F-753 Gear Varnish. (This was basically a clear varnish top coat also used on bodies.)

The “blue” was an almost-black color, easily taken as black.

 

WIRE WHEEL COLORS
(Late 1926, and 1927)

Casino Red, Emerald Green, Straw, Drake Green (1927) and Black.

In late 1926 when wire wheels became standard on the closed cars (but not all at the same time), the standard wire wheel color was black. Colored wheels were special order or dealer-installed.


WHEEL HUB CAPS

The following information is based on the factory blueprints, with the dates an approximation based on the dates of the blueprints. As with most Model T parts, there could have been considerable overlapping in the use of the various designs.

 

1909-1910

Brass, with “Ford” in block letters. Top is domed with a 2-5/8” radius.

1911

Brass, with “Ford” in script. No “Made in USA.” Had rounded-end style, in the same pattern as the 1909-10.

1911-1912

Brass, with “Ford” in script. “Made in USA” in later production. Ends were now flat, with a thin outer border, similar to the later types.

1913-1914

Brass, similar to 1912 but with “Made in USA.” Most, if not all, versions had the “Ford” with a higher than usual “F.”

1914-1915

Brass, similar to the 1913 type but the hexagon part now had a “scalloped” appearance at the junction of the main body of the cap. The background of the top was painted black. The “high F” was discontinued.

1924

The black background was discontinued. During 1915 the caps were made of steel, being brass plated until 1917 models (July 1916), then nickel plated. Sometime, perhaps in 1917, the top was redesigned with a smaller diameter circle in which the “Ford” was stamped. The “Ford” is smaller but the “Made in USA” is a bit larger. (The unrestored 1917 “Rip Van Winkle” Ford had the earlier “high F” style caps on the left side, and the later type on the right side.)

1924-1926

While appearing the same as the previous design, the caps were made of zinc.

1926-1927

Nickel-plated brass and similar in style to the previous type.

Caps for wire wheels were with the Ford script but were of steel and were larger; crimped in place on the wheels. Nickel-plated.


WINDSHIELD
(Open cars unless otherwise noted)
1909

Rands
Troy (brass and wood frames)
Mezger (Automatic)
Optional on early open cars. Support rods to front of car fastened to the radiator mounting bolt, or the front or rear fender-iron mounting bolt, depending on manufacturer.

1910

Troy (few)
Rands
Mezger
(Automatic)

1911

Rands
Vanguard
Mezger
(Automatic)

1911

Torpedo & Open Runabout

Windshields were held in place with two clamps (two each of f/n T2266B & T2267B) near the ends of the firewall. When the Torpedo and Open Runabouts first appeared, the usual clamps would not hold the windshield solidly due to the slope of the lower windshield panel. This problem was initially solved by installing a third clamp (T2665 front clip) at the center of the windshield; this clamp having a greater curve to grip the lower windshield frame. After a short period, the outer clamps were modified (or replaced by the T2665 perhaps), eliminating the need for the center clamp.

1912

Rands
Vanguard

1913

Rands
Diamond
Vanguard
Standard

Sloping lower section with upper half that folded forward. Painted black. All except one Rands used halves of different sizes and they were generally the same overall dimensions. Rands supplied two styles, one similar to the other brands, and one with both halves of equal size, and which required a different set of support brackets and a modified front top bow.

1914

Standard
Similar to 1913 but top section now folded backwards (towards the driver). The windshield support brackets had a bow in them to clear the folded section.

1915-1916

Upright windshield which folded to the rear at the center. Hinges had equal-length arms. Mounting bracket was riveted to the windshield frame. Sidelights mounted on this bracket.

1917-1929

Similar to 1916 but about April 1917 the hinges had unequal arms so that when folded the upper half was above the lower. The mounting bracket was now separate and screwed to the windshield frame. (After about Feb. 1917.) With the introduction of electrical equipment in mid-1919 the windshield mounting brackets were redesigned to eliminate the side lamp brackets on those supplied by the factory with starters. The older style (with the brackets for the oil lamps) continued on the non-starter cars.

1920-1922

Similar to the 1917-20 style except that the brackets no longer had the integral oil lamp supports. The oil lamps, used only on non-starter cars, now had a separate forged mounting bracket, held by the same bolts that secured the windshield frame to the body.

1923-1925

Sloping windshield with a fixed lower section and an upper section which pivoted forward or backward. Sidelight brackets now a separate item and were used only on non-electric cars. Posts now bolted to the body, eliminating the forging used earlier. Top now fastened to the top of the windshield posts.

1926-1927

Similar to 1925 but both sections could be moved; the lower section only outward, the upper in either direction. Stanchions on the 1926 open models were found to be somewhat weak and in later production they were modified to have a larger base at the mounting area, typical of the 1927 models.


WINDSHIELD SNAP LOOP

This is the metal fitting that fastens to the windshield hinge and to which the top support strap hooks.

The initial use began with the 1912 models. Prior to these, the top support straps ran to the front of the chassis, connecting to a loop at the radiator mounting bolt or to an integral loop on the headlamp bracket.

The loop was initially designed with dual-diameter ends; one end being 1“ and the other 1-1/8”. Ford records indicate that on December 29, 1911 the design was changed to now have a diameter of 7/8” at both ends, with the two holes being 13/32”.

On April 14, 1916 a note specifying this loop to be brass-plated was removed from the drawing. The loop was to be made of crankcase stock and was to now be “tumbled and raven finished.” On August 22, 1916 a note was added; “Have shown loop bent at an angle of 22 degrees.” This bend probably was made earlier since the strain to the top straps would seem to have made the bend even if the loop was initially a straight piece.

On July 17, 1920 the loop was specified for repairs only and then on April 9, 1921 it was again specified for standard production. It would seem that the sloping windshield was contemplated but then delayed. In any event, this part was discontinued when the sloping windshield appeared in U.S. production in late 1922.

The loop straps appear to have been black-colored leather until about 1913 and then became cotton webbing until the 1923 models when they were no longer required.

Evolution of the T-3827 Top To Windshield Snap Loop.

10/17/11

New design, 2 req. (Torpedo Runabout 1912)

12/29/11

Changed diameter of ends from 1” at one end and 1-1/8” at the other end to be 7/8” at both ends. Also specified the sides to be concave, curve having a 1-3/16” radius and tangent to ends of the loop. Also changed large hole from .75” dia to 13/32” making both holes the same. Have also specified this loop to be used on touring car 1912 after the first 20,000 cars and on the Roadster with Rumble Seat, after the first 1,675 cars.

10/10/14

This piece to be used on Windshield for Touring car and Torpedo, 1915.

4/14/16

Removed note which specified this loop to be brass Plated, and called for loop to be tumbled and raven finished. Specified this loop to be made from crankcase stock.

Specified use on Touring car and Torpedo 1916. “This is to take immediate effect. All loops on hand to be used up.”

8/22/16

Have shown loop bent at and angle of 22 degrees. Specified for use on Touring Car and Torpedo 1917.

7/17/20

Have added suffix letter “R” to above-mentioned symbol numbers, specifying these parts to be used for repairs, 1915-20. Note: the above parts, and also other parts mentioned in this communication specified “for Repairs”, will be considered to be used for Repairs as soon as the new type of windshield is in production with the 1921 type of touring body. Kindly be governed accordingly.

(Apparently the sloping windshield had been planned for introduction with he redesigned body but was delayed until late 1922.)

5/9/21

Removed “R” and specified same for use in 1921.

5/22/21

Specified the first item in panel to be used with Touring Vertical Windshield only. Also specified for use in 1922.